単語と文のしくみ

「5文型」覚えてますか?

5文型って?

SVJohn {works, played, danced} (in the library).
SVCJohn {was, became, remained} happy (with his family).
SVOJohn {bought, ate, threw, saw} a carrot (in the kitchen).
SVOOThe teacher {gave, provided, showed} the students a good book.
SVOCThey {made, elected} the boy the president.

コーパスって何?

コーパスを使ってみよう

「小辞構文」(the particle construction)

自動詞と他動詞

「与える」「奪う」に関連する構文

二重目的語をとる動詞

to がつくパターン give X to Y

  1. Francis gave that place to Leon and he's going to take it.
  2. 1539 Susan scribbled the postcard and gave it to her with a sigh.
  3. Maggie never gave a thought to hers
  4. they both gave a moment's attention to the incongruity
  5. . . ., when once it gave work to a hundred thousand men.
  6. Importantly, however, the report gave weighty endorsement to the principle of inner, intermediate, and outer ring roads.
  7. Police leaders broadly welcomed Mr Clarke's proposals but councillors gave warning that changes to The King of Saudi Arabia who personally gave £150,000 today sent his personal wishes to Laura and her family.

二重目的語 give Y X

  1. DeFries gave me a fur coat.
  2. She gave the king's son honey to eat
  3. . . and by conveying his faith in them he gave them faith in themselves.
  4. Once she had been attractive, with a good figure: now she was painfully thin and her sharp features gave her a pinched look. (made her look pinched)
  5. 1323 His well-waxed moustache gave him a somewhat foreign appearance. (=made him appear foreign)
  6. It was the discussion of the contemporary civilization phase of Faustian Culture and his prophecies for the immediate future which gave Spengler his notoriety. (=made Spengler notorious)
  7. In the middle of his sales talk about the land and the area, it gave Kevin [satisfaction to say, 'I was born here, my brother farms up at Bryanstown.']

イディオム

  1. When I gave birth to Reuben
  2. Grief gave way to a guilt which gnawed at him.
  3. The majority of the vast Kazakhstan region was a no man's land, but it formed a deep buffer zone between the populated areas of the North- Western USSR and the Mongolian deserts which gave way to the Chinese border.
  4. 183 The most precious of all gave rise to mystical or psychic experiences.

動詞 donate, cost

deny

forbid の用法を調べる

目的語をとる

二重目的語をとる

所有格+名詞/動名詞(-ing)

目的格+動名詞(-ing)

目的格+from 動名詞(-ing)

目的格+to 不定詞

Provide

目的語のみ

provide something for (to) someone

provide someone with something

provide someone something

provide for (against) something

Steal vs. rob

「満たす」「取り除く」に関する構文

「比べる」「組み合わせる」

2つの so that

2つの it that

  1. That 節全体に対する叙述
  2. 節の中の要素が焦点化